Tisha B’Av

Tisha B’Av, the Ninth of Av, is the date on the Jewish calendar on which both the first and second Temples were destroyed. It was treated as a fast day and a day of mourning in rabbinical culture. Although rabbinical Judaism was not centered around the Temple, which no longer existed after 70 CE, and although the prophetic tradition out of which rabbinical Judaism emerged was critical of the sacrificial rites of the Temple, the destruction of the Temple was nonetheless treated by the rabbis as a major catastrophe. This was the context in which the belief gradually took hold that the Messiah, who was seen as a heavenly figure, had been born on Tisha B’Av.
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