Bridging The Gap

The big problem which confronts any attempt to make sense of early Hebrew history is how to bridge the gap between the literary and the archaeological evidence. On the one hand we have the evidence of the narrative contained in the Hebrew scriptures, most especially the Torah but also the historical books. And on the other hand we have the evidence of innumerable inscriptions unearthed in many different parts of the Middle East dating from the 2nd millenium BCE and making reference in passing to bands of runaway slaves and other fugitives known as Habiru. In particular there are references to Habiru participating in an uprising against Egyptian rule in Canaan in the 14th century BCE, Habiru being brought to Egypt as prisoners after the failure of the uprising and Habiru working as slaves on construction projects for the Egyptians. It has long been evident to me that the Hebrews must have been Habiru, but aside from their common status as slaves in Egypt and similar names, there seems to be little or nothing to connect the two groups.
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